Porokeratosis is a disorder of keratinization or a skin disorder. The disease is widely known as a hereditary dermatitis; it runs down a family related line. Its main characteristic is the spreading of lesions on the body. The disease can affect any part of the body, and it mostly affects the adults. It is known to be common in male than in female.
It is normally caused by a defect (disorder) in the formation of skin because of immunosuppression, ultraviolet light exposure or radiation therapy. It happens when part of the skin tissues grow quickly and results to rising over the other part. They are 4 known types of Porokeratosis;
Porokeratosis of Mebelli (PM)
The skin disorder occurs as a single or a number of plaques centrally depressed with a marginated border. The only way to identify the disorder is by biopsy. This is a medical test which involves the removal of cells or tissues of a given affected body are to be examined.
It is benign; rarely would it develop to cancer. The lesions can be treated or removed by, cryotherapy, excision or the use of fluorouracil.
Disseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis (DSAP)
It is the most common type of Porokeratosis. It is a non-contagious skin condition. This type of skin disorder is also hereditary; its cause is of genetic origin. Mainly affects the elderly. It mostly affects the body parts that are normally exposed to sunlight. It is known to affect women more than men.
Porokeratosis plantaris, Palmaris, et disseminate
It is a benign that mostly affects palms and soles but if not quickly treated, it may spread to other parts of the body. It is very rare as it is listed as a rare disease by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) and it occurs by gradual thickening of the skin on the palms and sole.
It is also a rare disease as it is also listed as a rare disease but affects both male and female. The skin disorder is characterized by papules and plaques on the body which form a linear pattern. It may occur at birth or appear later at adult age. Just like the other types of Porokeratosis, Linear Porokeratosis has also been linked to be caused by genetic origin. It has been present mostly on monozygotic twins.
Though some types of this disease may be harmless at first, it is important to note that some may end up resulting to skin cancer. It is therefore recommended that you visit a dermatologist as soon as you suspect any of the above symptoms.