10 AugWhat Is Porokeratosis?

Porokeratosis is a disorder of keratinization or a skin disorder. The disease is widely known as a hereditary dermatitis; it runs down a family related line. Its main characteristic is the spreading of lesions on the body. The disease can affect any part of the body, and it mostly affects the adults. It is known to be common in male than in female.

It is normally caused by a defect (disorder) in the formation of skin because of immunosuppression, ultraviolet light exposure or radiation therapy. It happens when part of the skin tissues grow quickly and results to rising over the other part. They are 4 known types of Porokeratosis;

Porokeratosis of Mebelli (PM)

The skin disorder occurs as a single or a number of plaques centrally depressed with a marginated border. The only way to identify the disorder is by biopsy. This is a medical test which involves the removal of cells or tissues of a given affected body are to be examined.

It is benign; rarely would it develop to cancer. The lesions can be treated or removed by, cryotherapy, excision or the use of fluorouracil.

Disseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis (DSAP)

It is the most common type of Porokeratosis. It is a non-contagious skin condition. This type of skin disorder is also hereditary; its cause is of genetic origin. Mainly affects the elderly. It mostly affects the body parts that are normally exposed to sunlight. It is known to affect women more than men.

Porokeratosis plantaris, Palmaris, et disseminate

It is a benign that mostly affects palms and soles but if not quickly treated, it may spread to other parts of the body. It is very rare as it is listed as a rare disease by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) and it occurs by gradual thickening of the skin on the palms and sole.

Linear Porokeratosis

It is also a rare disease as it is also listed as a rare disease but affects both male and female. The skin disorder is characterized by papules and plaques on the body which form a linear pattern. It may occur at birth or appear later at adult age. Just like the other types of Porokeratosis, Linear Porokeratosis has also been linked to be caused by genetic origin. It has been present mostly on monozygotic twins.

Though some types of this disease may be harmless at first, it is important to note that some may end up resulting to skin cancer. It is therefore recommended that you visit a dermatologist as soon as you suspect any of the above symptoms.


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14 JulDisseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis (DSAP)

Disseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis (DSAP)

Disseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis is a skin condition that mainly appears in adults, mostly affecting women. It is a skin disorder of genetic origin. It appears when you observe reddish scaly spots on the legs, arms and on the lower legs. If you suffer from the disease, it is highly possible that your offspring will inherit the disease from you.

It is rarely common in the early ages; it becomes noticed on the age of 35 to 40 years. The disease affects mostly the sun exposed parts of the body. They are prominent in the summer and less observed in the winter.

It affects the lower parts of the arms and legs and rarely occurs on the cheeks and rarely affects the palms and the soles. Disseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis is rarely linked to cause skin cancer. It is known to affect light-skinned persons and very rare in Africans and black Americans. This because the sun rays penetrate easily in form of VBA in light skin compared to dark skin.

Some of the ways to prevent the Disseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis is by wearing long sleeves, to protect your arms from excess and direct light. You are also advised to wear long skirts to protect your legs from sun rays.

Disseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis cannot be permanently eliminated, however there are ways to treat it in to a controllable condition, they include;

Use of retinoid Creams. These are gels and lotions rich in Vitamin A, which reduces further disorder of skin cells. All you have to do is apply at least three times a day on the affected areas. The results may be observed after a week. Though the gels are irritating on the skin, they are very effective as they also protect your skin from direct sunrays. Another cream is Imiquimod which fights viruses and damages cells that are responsible to cause cancer. If well applied, the cream is also effective in a week’s time.

Cryotherapy is another way of treating Disseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis. The process involves the use of liquid nitrogen to freeze the lesions. After freezing, the skin may appear as it was before the disease.

The most preferred and used way to treat Disseminated Superficial Actinic Porokeratosis is the use of 5-fluorouracil. The medicine is very effective as it attacks and destroys the already damaged skin cells such that they appear smoother. It works well on the face and scalp.

To avoid any risk of acquiring the disease, it is advised that you visit a dermatologist regularly. The earlier it is noticed, the earlier it will be treated.


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